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Agenda Fiction Is Alive and Well

Apr 8, 2014

Lion, Witch, and Wardrobe movieChristian Fiction has often been accused of being so agenda/message driven that story quality suffers. Michael Trimmer quotes author Mike Duran in the Christian Today article, “What’s Wrong With Christian Fiction”:

Christians are so desirous to get the gospels out there, that we tolerate mediocrity. I think that does a disservice to the gospel. We tolerate mediocrity for the sake of the message.

He is probably right in many cases, but because of that, the solution often tends to be to get rid of the message to improve quality. But it’s not that simple. It isn’t the presence of an agenda that is the problem.

Agenda-driven fiction has a long history and not by just Christians.

There are college classes offered on how to use the arts in getting the message out about “climate change,” as reported in the New York Times article, “College Classes Use Arts to Brace for Climate Change.”

Whether you agree with “climate change” claims or not, the article list fiction titles going back into the 60s that focused on climate change. The article ends on the following quote:

“In this sense,” he (Shane Hall) said, “climate change itself is a form of story we have to tell.”

Sums up what most Christian writers would say about the Gospel.

That is just one example. How often did the Star Trek TV series illustrate an agenda, both the original series and The Next Generation? The list could go on.

The answer isn’t to get rid of our messages. The real problem comes in two areas.

One: Treating Fiction Like Non-fiction

This is the cause of Mike Duran’s concern above. What do I mean by it? I’ve mentioned it in a guest post many months ago on SpecFaith and most recently last week in talking about the dynamic behind the debate on the movie Noah.

Stories in non-fiction, whether true or made-up, exist to serve one main purpose: to illustrate a point in an emotionally engaging manner. The story does not exist for its own sake, but is subservient to the message being conveyed. Consequently, the stories tend to be simple, black and white realities that make a clear, unambiguous point. They don’t want the reader to wonder, “Hum, I wonder what he meant to say?”

Christians who write fiction often make the mistake of treating their story as an expanded, non-fiction illustration. As a result, characterization tends to be shallow. Plots exist to drive the reader to one conclusion. Anything like real-life ambiguities that would muddy the message are avoided.

This in direct opposition to what Jesus did. He didn’t give illustrations to make a point. He taught in parables. He was fine letting the hearer figure out the meaning for themselves. He didn’t offer conclusions/interpretations except to the disciples. He trusted that those who were ready to hear the truth, would.

When we move into fiction stories, the purpose of the book can no longer be to illustrate a truth as in non-fiction. Rather, it is to experience the truth lived out in real life. Even if that real life is in the future, past, or a fantasy world.

In fiction, the message and the story take on a symbiotic relationship.

The message, to be effective, is dependent upon the story to have the ring of authenticity to it. To be an engaging, emotionally impacting, and entertaining story. If the quality of the story fails here, few will experience the message lived out.

For the story to amount to more than a good time, but to have meat on its bones, requires a living message/theme running through it. The stories that impact us most are those that open our eyes to see truth lived out in a character, and then in us as well. Any book, no matter how entertaining, that doesn’t say something to us, is quickly forgotten.

Two: Getting Sucked into the Niche Whirlpool

Overt agenda-driven, non-fiction, illustration-styled fiction stories, Christian or not, are primarily red meat for the faithful of that niche. Few outside that niche care to read it. The above “climate change” books and films highlight that. Few who disagree with their agenda are going to plunk down money to partake of that story.

The overwhelming majority of people who will enjoy those stories are those who already agree with them.

This is the irony of the Christian whirlpool effect. The drive to present as clear and unambiguous of a Gospel message as possible ensures few who are not already saved and in the fold will ever read it. The tighter into the niche it falls, the less chance it has of transcending that niche to become truly evangelistic. The story gets sucked into the niche whirlpool.

By creating a symbiotic relationship between story and message, the story can gain a following and those who have ears to hear and eyes to read will get the message. For that to happen requires them getting lost in a world and characters to the point they live the message through them.

The more the quality of the story supports the goal of fiction instead of non-fiction, the more likely that story will change someone’s life.

Agenda fiction is not the issue. Tossing the message is not the answer. Reading stories that marinate us in truth experienced through characters is the goal.


R. L. Copple

As a young teen, R. L. Copple played in his own make-believe world, writing the stories and drawing the art for his own comics while experiencing the worlds of other authors like Tolkien, Lewis, Asimov, and Lester Del Ray. As an adult, after years of writing devotionally, he returned to the passion of his youth in order to combine his fantasy worlds and faith into the reality of the printed page. Since then, his imagination has given birth to The Reality Chronicles trilogy from Splashdown Books, and The Virtual Chronicles series, Ethereal Worlds Anthology, and How to Make an Ebook: Using Free Software from Ethereal Press, along with numerous short stories in various magazines. Learn more about R. L and his work at any of the following: Author Website, Author Blog, or Author Store.

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13 comments on "Agenda Fiction Is Alive and Well"

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Austin Gunderson
But I can already hear the protests: “Gospel-centric stories aren’t comparable to environmentalist propaganda!  Climate change is a scientific fad, whereas the gospel matters forever and ever amen!”  This is true, but it misses the point.  The point here isn’t to diminish the importance of the gospel, but rather to communicate it in as effective a way as possible. If you want the gospel message exposited clearly, systematically, unambiguously, then listen to a sermon.  The pulpit is a medium suited for didactic instruction; fiction — whether on the page, the stage, or the screen — is not.  An audience knows… Read more »
Julie D
A symbiotic relationship.  Exactly. My college environmental science class actually listed types of natural relationships (hang on, I have a point):  Predation: A living organism kills another Parasitism: A parasite derives nourishment from a host–doesn’t usually kill the host straight off, but weakens it over time. Mutalism: both members of the association benefit Commensalism : one species benefits and the other isn’t affected Some ( most?) Christian fiction suffers from parasitism. The message may not  kill it right off, but the message/agenda makes demands on the plot and characters that weaken the overall story. And just as parasites eventually kill their host… Read more »
As an avid reader of nonfiction, I resent the notion that nonfiction should be agenda-driven. Agenda-driven nonfiction is an insult to my intelligence–most of the time. There is a time and place for  rhetoric whose attempt is essentially to persuade through appeals to rightness and morality or emotions, but the agenda is softened by appealing to the audience’s humanity. Although nonfiction often deals in concretes rather than in the ambiguities of fiction, this doesn’t mean that all nonfiction is meant to persuade or pound out the agenda of the writer. Much nonfiction is, ultimately, idea-oriented. It’s about playing with ideas.… Read more »
R. L. Copple
Jill, agenda here is being used in its generic meaning, which means if you have a message to deliver, an idea to promote/discuss. Non-fiction should have a purpose, a goal to accomplish. That’s an agenda. It is why I write non-fiction. It is not a negative thing. There should be an agenda to non-fiction. I should be saying something.   For instance, when I wrote my non-fiction book, Healing Infidelity, my agenda was to encourage people dealing with that issue that it can become a vibrant relationship through relating my own story and articles on how to deal with it.… Read more »
Yes, I see the difference between the two when you’re specifically writing that kind of nonfiction about adultery vs fiction showing adulterous relationships. I guess I look at fiction and nonfiction the same way. I’m looking to grapple with or explore ideas, and when I feel that an agenda is being pushed on me, instead, I get a little insulted. Take my regular subscription of Sci Am, for example. Most of the articles in Sci Am are grappling with ideas based off scientific research and discovery, but every once in a while, the articles are agenda-driven drivel that push aside… Read more »
R. L. Copple
Jill, I’ve been thinking on this a bit.   The type of agenda you are talking about is just one part of the whole spectrum of what I was referring to. What I am referring to is any message or idea someone is wanting to “sell” with their writing, whether non-fiction (direct exposition/illustration) or fiction (experienced). You’re referring to anything you find is not logic driven. In short, it doesn’t add up for you, so their arguments appear baseless. Is that a fair assessment? The reason people get that vibe is in relation to someone attempting to get out a… Read more »

So the solution to the dilemma is to find a Christian version of Hayao Miyazaki. Which is kinda like saying, “Oh, no big, we just have to find another Saint Paul.”


Aw, I don’t think the odds are THAT stacked against us. 🙂

Christian Jaeschke

Now I really want to see Hayao Miyazaki’s take on The Chronicles of Narnia. He enjoyed the books and is brilliant at what he does.

Austin Gunderson

And he’s also, tragically, retired.  Twice over.

Christian Jaeschke

Sadly, that’s true. What’s the name of his latest movie? I have yet to see it. Cheers.


brb, going to cry in the corner because this is a thing that doesn’t exist.

Michelle R. Wood

I’m really enjoying your posts, Mr. Copple (great choice, Spec Faith!) I especially like this phrase: “Getting Sucked into the Niche Whirlpool.” That’s exactly what we want to avoid (with anything, not just evangelism).

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